Summary: RNA-core (RNAase-resistant fraction of yeast RNA) induced Streptolysin S (SLS) was purified (40% recovery) to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity by hydroxylapatite chromatography followed by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 in the presence of 6 m-guanidine. HCl. The specific activity of the purified toxin was 3 x 106 haemolytic units (mg protein)−1. The M r of the toxin was below 4000 on the basis of SDS-PAGE and 20000 by gel filtration in guanidine. HCl. High-voltage isoelectric focusing of the purified toxin allowed the isolation of the carrier-free SLS peptide for the first time. This peptide was basic (pI 9.2) as compared to native SLS (pI 3.6). The native toxin and the peptide had similar haemolytic properties except for the high lability of the peptide, which was stabilized by RNA-core. The M r of the denatured peptide was about 1800, as estimated by gel filtration.
Summary: The sugar transport systems of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are irreversibly inactivated when protein synthesis is inhibited. This inactivation is responsible for the drastic decrease in fermentation observed in ammonium-starved yeast and is related to the occurrence of the Pasteur effect in these cells. Our study of the inactivation of the glucose transport system indicates that both the high-affinity and the low-affinity components of this system are inactivated. Inactivation of the high-affinity component evidently requires the utilization of a fermentable substrate by the cells, since (i) inactivation did not occur during carbon starvation, (ii) when a fermentable sugar was added to starved cells, inactivation began, (iii) when the fermentation inhibitors iodoacetate or arsenate were added in addition to sugars, the inactivation was prevented, (iv) when a non-fermentable substrate was added instead of sugars, inactivation was also prevented. The inactivation of the low-affinity component appeared to show similar requirements. It is concluded that the glucose transport system in S. cerevisiae is regulated by a catabolite-inactivation process.
Summary: Phenylalanineaminopeptidase was isolated and purified from the culture filtrate of Legionella pneumophila by affinity chromatography on O-tert-butyl-l-threonyl-l-phenylalanyl-l-prolyl-glycyl-aminosilochrom and by gel-filtration; a 401-fold purification with a yield of 18% was achieved. The enzyme was a metalloenzyme with a molecular weight of 35000 and a pI of 5.8. It was stable at pH 7–9 and had an activity optimum in the range of pH 8–9.5 with l-phenylalanine p-nitroanilide as substrate. Enzyme activity was highest towards the latter compound, substantially lower towards l-leucine p-nitroanilide and only marginal towards other p-nitroanilides. Besides phenylalanineaminopeptidase, a metalloproteinase and a serine proteinase were also detected in L. pneumophila culture filtrate.