f Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans gen. nov., sp. nov.: mixed-culture ferrous iron oxidation with Sulfobacillus species
- Authors: Darren A. Clark1, Paul R. Norris
- 1Author for correspondence: Paul R. Norris. Tel: +44 1203 523733. Fax: +44 1203 523701. e-mail: email@example.com
- First Published Online: 01 April 1996, Microbiology 142: 785-790, doi: 10.1099/00221287-142-4-785
- Subject: Systematics
- Issue Published:
A new species of ferrous-iron-oxidizing, moderately thermophilic, acidophilic bacteria, Acidimicrobium ferrooxidans, has been described. Two isolates of the species differed only in the tendency of one, previously known as strain TH3, to grow in filaments. The chromosomal DNA base composition is between 67 and 69 mol% G + C. The capacity of this species to fix CO2 from air was greater than that of iron-oxidizing thermoacidophiles of the genus Sulfobacillus, which required an enhanced CO2 concentration for optimum autotrophic growth. Under air, ferrous iron oxidation in mixed cultures of A. ferrooxidans with either Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans or Sulfobacillus acidophilus was more extensive than in pure cultures of these three strains. The greater part of ferrous iron oxidation in mixed cultures probably resulted from activity of the Sulfobacillus species, which possess a greater tolerance of ferric iron, and which presumably grew mixotrophically utilizing organic compounds from A. ferrooxidans.
© Society for General Microbiology 1996 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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