f Single electron transfer by an extracellular laccase from the white-rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus
- Authors: Hong-Duk Youn, Kyu-Jung Kim†, Jin-Soo Maeng, Young-Hoon Han, In-Beom Jeong, Gajin Jeong, Sa-Ouk Kang, Yung Chil Hah
- Author for correspondence: Sa-Ouk Kang. Tel: +82 2 880 6703. Fax: +82 2 888 4911. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Microbiology, February 1995 141: 393-398, doi: 10.1099/13500872-141-2-393
- Subject: Biochemistry
- Published Online:
SUMMARY: Two different bands with laccase activity were obtained after nondenaturing PAGE of the culture filtrate of Pleurotus ostreatus. Immunoblot analysis revealed that antisera raised against laccase I were not reactive to laccase II. Laccase I, which exhibited faster mobility on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel, was purified 42-9-fold with an overall yield of 10-8%. Gel filtration and SDS-PAGE revealed that laccase I is a single polypeptide with a molecular mass of approximately 64 kDa. Laccase I contained 12-5% carbohydrate by weight and 3-9 mol copper (mol protein)−1. The absorption spectrum of laccase I showed a type 1 signal at 605 nm and EPR spectra showed that the parameters of the type 1 and type 2 Cu signals were g| = 2-197 and A| = 0-009 cm−1, and g| = 2-263 and A| = 0-0176 cm−1, respectively. The data obtained from the pH profiles suggested that two ionization groups, whose pKa values were 5-60-5-70 and 6-70-6-85, may play an important role in the active site of laccase I as the ligand of copper metal. The optimal pH and temperature for the activity of laccase I were 6-0-6-5 and 30-35 °C, respectively. The enzyme had affinity for various lignin-related phenolic compounds: the K m values for ferulic acid and syringic acid were 48 and 89 μM, respectively. EPR spectroscopic study of the action of laccase I on 3,5-dimethoxy-5-hydroxyacetophenone indicated that this enzyme catalyses single electron transfer with the formation of the phenoxy radical as an intermediate.
Present address:Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Kangreung National University, Republic of Korea.
© Society for General Microbiology 1995 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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