f Molecular analysis of an operon in Bacillus subtilis encoding a novel ABC transporter with a role in exoprotein production, sporulation and competence
- Authors: Soile Leskelä, Vesa P. Kontinen, Matti Sarvas
- First Published Online: 01 January 1996, Microbiology 142: 71-77, doi: 10.1099/13500872-142-1-71
- Subject: Genome Analysis
- Issue Published:
The levels of exoamylase and other exoenzymes of Bacillus subtilis are pleiotropically decreased by the ecs-26 (prs-26) and ecs-13 (prs-13) mutations. These mutations also cause a competence- and sporulation-deficient phenotype. In the present work, the ecs locus, which has been defined by the ecs-26 and ecs-13 mutations, was cloned and sequenced. Sequence analysis revealed a putative operon of three ORFs (ecsA, ecsB and ecsC). ecsA can encode a putative polypeptide of 248 amino acid residues containing an ATP-binding site. The polypeptide shows about 30% sequence similarity with the ATP-binding components of numerous membrane transporters of the ABC-type (ATP-binding cassette transporters or traffic ATPases). The ecs-26 mutation was found to result from a transition of one base pair changing the glycine164 of EcsA to a glutamic acid residue in the vicinity of the putative ATP-binding pocket. ecsB was predicted to encode a hydrophobic protein with six membrane-spanning helices in a pattern found in other hydrophobic components of ABC transporters. The properties deduced for the ecsA and ecsB gene products are consistent with the interpretation that ecs encodes a novel ABC-type membrane transporter of B. subtilis. The third ORF, ecsC, can encode a putative polypeptide of 237 amino acid residues. The polypeptide does not resemble components of ABC transporters.
© Society for General Microbiology 1996 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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