f Influence of salt on the transcription of the gas-vesicle genes of Haloferax mediterranei and identification of the endogenous transcriptional activator gene
- Authors: Richard Röder, Felicitas Pfeifer2
- 2Author for correspondence: Felicitas Pfeifer. Tel: +49 6151 162957. Fax: +49 6151 162956. e-mail: Pfeifer@bio1.bio.th-darmstadt.de
- First Published Online: 01 July 1996, Microbiology 142: 1715-1723, doi: 10.1099/13500872-142-7-1715
- Subject: Genetics And Molecular Biology
- Issue Published:
The transcription of the 14 gvp genes of the gas-vesicle-encoding mc-vac region was investigated, using RNA from 25% and 15% (w/v) salt cultures of the moderately halophilic archaeon Haloferax mediterranei. Transcription occurred only from two promoters, located in front of the mc-gvpA and mc-gvpD genes. In both cultures transcripts spanning the entire mc-gvpDEFGHIJKLM transcription unit were formed only during the exponential growth phase. Amounts of these transcripts were larger in the 25% salt culture, in which the 2.0 kb mc-gvpD mRNA and large amounts of 1.3 kb and 0.45 kb partial mc-gvpD transcripts were also synthesized during the stationary phase. The levels of the mc-gvpD transcripts and of the 324 nt mc-gvpA mRNA increased in parallel during the stationary phase of the 25% salt culture. Only under these conditions were mRNAs spanning the entire mc-gvpACNO transcription unit observed, and gas-vesicles were formed. Investigation of the influence of the mc-gvpDE genes on both mc-vac promoters in transformants revealed that by themselves they were nearly inactive. The addition of mc-gvpE, however, resulted in a high level of constitutively produced mc-gvpA and mc-gvpD mRNA, indicating a transcriptional activator function for the mc-gvpE product.
- Keyword(s): Haloferax mediterranei, gene regulation, transcriptional activator, archaea, gas-vesicle genes
© Society for General Microbiology 1996 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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