SUMMARY: Extracts were prepared from Micrococcus cryophilus, several strains of Branhamella catarrhalis and Neisseria spp. Esterases, NADP-dependent isocitrate de-hydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase activities were assayed after electrophoresis of extracts of polyacrylamide gels. Except for Neisseria perflava and N. sicca which resolved activity bands for the acetate-esterase only, the remaining bacteria exhibited species-specific esterase patterns also for the propionate and butyrate substrates. The multiple esterase patterns from B. catarrhalis ATCC25238 were qualitatively and quantitatively different from those of B. catarrhalis ATCC23246. This finding and other evidence supports a taxonomic shift of the latter to a species level of that genus. The atypical neisserias N. caviae and N. ovis appeared to exhibit an intrageneric specificity in their esterase patterns with those from B. catarrhalis but not to the other Neisseria spp. tested. The malate dehydrogenase patterns from the atypical neisserias and B. catarrhalis ATCC23246 were qualitatively similar; however, the patterns of isocitrate dehydrogenase activity were variable for these species. Micrococcus cryophilus was distinct in its esterase and dehydrogenase bands, strongly suggesting its taxon unrelatedness to the genus Branhamella or the atypical neisserias. Of the enzymes assayed, esterase proved to be the most reliable for taxonomic identifications.