f Further evidence for the non-clonal population structure of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: extensive genetic diversity within isolates of the same electrophoretic type
- Authors: Maria O'Rourke, Brian G. Spratt*
- *Author for correspondence: Brian G. Spratt. Tel: +44 273 678309. Fax: +44 273 678433.
- Microbiology, June 1994 140: 1285-1290, doi: 10.1099/00221287-140-6-1285
- Subject: Genetics And Molecular Biology
- Published Online:
Analysis of data from multilocus enzyme electrophoresis has revealed that Neisseria gonorrhoeae populations are non-clonal. Fifteen percent of 227 isolates of N. gonorrhoeae had an identical multilocus genotype (ET1) and were recovered world-wide over a 26 year period. The recovery of isolates of identical multilocus genotype from geographically and temporally unassociated hosts is a common criterion of a clonal population structure. However, in a recombining (non-clonal) population, isolates with the same multilocus genotype can arise by the random association of the most common alleles in the population. Analysis of the variation in two further enzymes, in the restriction patterns obtained from the glutamine synthetase gene, and in the DNA fragments obtained using an arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction, was used to show that members of ET1 were almost as variable as randomly selected N. gonorrhoeae isolates. Unlike the situation in a strongly clonal species, the 26 ET1 isolates examined were increasingly sub-divided to give 19 distinguishable groups as variation at further loci was examined, and 24 distinguishable groups when auxotypes were also considered. We conclude that, as expected of a non-clonal population, the most commonly encountered N. gonorrhoeae multilocus genotype does not define a clone.
- Keyword(s): electrophoretic type, recombination, non-clonal population structure, Neisseria gonorrhoeae
© Society for General Microbiology 1994 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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