f Mitochondrial superoxide dismutase is essential for ethanol tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the post-diauxic phase
- Authors: V. Costa, M. A. Amorim, E. Reis†, A. Quintanilha, P. Moradas-Ferreira
- Author for correspondence: P. Moradas-Ferreira. Tel: +351 2 310359. Fax: +351 2 2001918. e-mail: email@example.com
- First Published Online: 01 May 1997, Microbiology 143: 1649-1656, doi: 10.1099/00221287-143-5-1649
- Subject: Biochemistry
- Issue Published:
This work reports the role of both superoxide dismutases - CuZnSOD (encoded by SOD1) and MnSOD (encoded by SOD2) - in the build-up of tolerance to ethanol during growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from exponential to post-diauxic phase. Both enzyme activities increase from the exponential phase to the diauxic shift and from the diauxic shift to the post-diauxic phase. The levels of mRNA-SOD1 and mRNA-SOD2 increase from the exponential phase to the diauxic shift; however, during the post-diauxic phase mRNA-SOD1 levels decrease while mRNA-SOD2 levels remain unchanged. These data indicate the existence of two regulatory mechanisms involved in the induction of SOD activity during growth: synthesis de novo of the proteins (until the diauxic shift), and post-transcriptional or post-translational regulation (during the post-diauxic phase). Ethanol does not alter the activities of either enzyme in cells from the diauxic shift or post-diauxic phases, although the respective mRNA levels decrease in post-diauxic-phase cells treated with ethanol (14% or 20%). Results of experiments with sod1 and sod2 mutants show that MnSOD, but not CuZnSOD, is essential for ethanol tolerance of diauxic-shift and post-diauxic-phase cells. Evidence that ethanol toxicity is correlated with the production of reactive oxygen species in the mitochondria is obtained from results with respiration-deficient mutants. In these cells, the induction of superoxide dismutase activity by ethanol is low; also, the respiratory deficiency restores the capacity of sod2 cells to acquire ethanol tolerance.
Present address: Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.
© Society Society for General Microbiology 1997 | Published by the Microbiology Society
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